How to create Posting keys in SAP FICO / Account type SAP

How to create Posting keys in SAP FICO / Account type SAP

Define posting keys:

In SAP posting keys is a two digits numerical key that determines the type of transaction entered in a line item.

Posting keys determine: –

  1. Account Type (A, D, K, M, S)
  2. Type of postings i.e. Debit or Credit

Account Types in SAP: –

  1. Assets
  2. General Ledger
  3. Customer
  4. Vendor
  5. Material

 

Account Type Customer postings key: –

Posting key            Description Account Type Debit / Credit
1

Invoice

Customer Debit

2

Reverse credit  memo

Customer Debit

3

Bank Charges

Customer Debit

4

Other Receivables

Customer Debit

5

Outgoing Payments

Customer Debit

6

Payment difference

Customer Debit

7

Other Clearing

Customer Debit

8

Payment Clearing

Customer Debit

9 Special G/L Debit

Customer Debit

11 Credit memo

Customer Debit

12 Reverse Invoice

Customer Debit

13 Reverse Charges

Customer Debit

14 Other Payables

Customer Debit

15 Incoming Payments

Customer Debit

16 Payment difference

Customer Debit

17 Other clearing

Customer Debit

18 Payment Clearing

Customer Debit

 

Account Type General Ledger Posting Keys

 

Posting Key          Description Account Type Debit / Credit
40 Debit Entry G/L Debit
50 Credit Entry G/L Debit
80 Stock Initial Entry G/L Debit
81 Costs G/L Debit
83 Price difference G/L Debit
84 Consumption G/L Debit
85 Change in stock G/L Debit
86 GR/IR Debit G/L Debit
90 Stock initial entry G/L Debit
91 Costs G/L Debit
93 Price Difference G/L Debit
94 Consumption G/L Debit
95 Change in stock G/L Debit
96 GR/IR Debit G/L Debit

 

Account Type Asset Posting Keys

Posting key      Description Debit/Credit
70 Debit Asset Debit
75 Credit Asset Credit

Account Type Material Posting Key

Posting Type       Description Account Type Debit/Credit
89 Stock Inward movement Material Debit
99 Stock outward movement Material Debit

 

Account Type Vendor Posting Keys

Posting Key          Description Account Type Debit / Credit
21 Credit Memo Vendor Debit
22 Reverse invoice Vendor Debit
24 Other Receivables Vendor Debit
25 Outgoing payments Vendor Debit
26 Payment difference Vendor Debit
27 Clearing Vendor Debit
28 Payment clearing Vendor Debit
29 Special G/L debit Vendor Debit
31 Invoice Vendor Debit
32 Reverse credit memo Vendor Debit
34 Other payables Vendor Debit
35 Incoming Payments Vendor Debit
36 Payment difference Vendor Debit
37 Other clearing Vendor Debit
38 Payment clearing Vendor Debit
39 Special G/L credit Vendor Debit

 

Posting key Configuration steps: – Transaction Code – OB41

Step 1: – Enter T – Code SPRO in the command field and press enter

 

Step 2: – Click SAP Reference IMG

 

Step 3: – Next follow the IMG Menu Path

SPRO > Implementation Guide – > Finance Accounting – > Finance Accounting Global Settings – > Documents – > Line item – > Controls – > Define Posting keys

 

 

Step 4: – Click on create icon

 

 

Step 5: – Update Two digit numerical key code in the posting key field and update name of the posting key in the name of the posting key field

Posting keys

Step 6: – Update the following data

  1. Debit/Credit indicator: – Select the debit or credit
  2. Account Type: – Select appropriate account type
  3. Other attributes: – Select appropriate attribute i.e Sales related or Special G/L
  4. Reversal Posting key: – Update the reversal posting key

 

 

 

Step 7: – Click on Save icon

 

 

Posting Key Successfully configured in SAP

 

Posting Key Name Debit /Credit
70 Debit Asset Asset Debit
75 Credit Asset Credit

Feel free to reach us for SAP FICO Online Training.

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